Robben Island ( Robbeneiland) in Afrikaans is an island , some seven kilometres off the coast of Cape Town,South Africa.
Robben Island was used at various times between the 17th and 20th centuries as a prison, a hospital for socially unacceptable groups and a military base. Its buildings, particularly those of the late 20th century such as the maximum security prison for political prisoners (Nelson Mandela), witness the triumph of democracy and freedom over oppression and racism (apartheid).
Justification for his inscription:
The buildings of Robben Island bear eloquent testimony to its sombre history.
Robben Island and its prison buildings symbolize the triumph of the human spirit, of freedom, and of democracy over oppression.